Monday, May 8, 2017

Suicide often harms surviving spouse mentally and physically

A report was published online in JAMA Psychiatry. It looked at the effects of suicide on the surviving spouse.
The researches combed a national register that included almost 7 million people in Denmark from 1980 to 2014. The registry looked at nearly 5,000 men and 11,000 women whose spouses committed suicide.
The study found male spouses of partners who died by suicide had a 70 percent higher risk of developing mental health problems than partners of those who succumbed to other causes of death, such as illness or accident. For women, the risk of developing a mental health disorder was 50 percent higher.
The researchers noted that surviving spouses are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders. Surviving spouses were themselves at an increased risk of suicide.
Additionally, physical ailments, including cirrhosis of the liver, sleeping disorders, cancer, and back pain developed at a higher rate in surviving spouses than the population at large.

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Smokers have harder time staying of drugs after rehab

Researchers at the department of epidemiology at Columbia University's School of Public Health looked at just under 35,000 adults enrolled in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
The data showed the following relapse rates:

  • 11% Smokers at the start of treatment, and continued to smoke during treatment.
  • 8% Individual that quit smoking during treatment
  • 6.5% Non smokers
The study authors point to the importance of adding tobacco treatment along side illicit drug treatment. 
"Quitting smoking will improve anyone's health," says lead author Andrea Weinberger, PhD, an assistant professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine. "But our study shows that giving up cigarettes may be even more important for adults in recovery from illicit substance use disorders since it may help them stay sober.”